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Posted On 01/11/2020 08:25:45
The awareness and right knowledge about probability diagnostics, prevention, and treatment of Stage 3 breast cancer could help to save lives of people suffering from it.
The treatment alternatives of Stage 3 breast cancer vary widely. The local treatment covers radical or modified mastectomy or lumpectomy. The option depends on diagnosed 3A, 3B or 3C stages of the disease. The radiation therapy after surgery can destroy missing cancer cells. Besides, the systemic treatment may consist of chemotherapy, which is acceptable if surgery is not an option. The hormone therapy helps to destroy cancer cells that remain after surgery and can make chemotherapy more effective. The targeted therapy is also appropriate to stop cancer cells growing. Therefore, mastectomy is not the most appropriate clinical treatment for stage 3 breast cancer, because this option is conditional (Ratini, 2015).
Moreover, BRCA1/2 tests are pertinent to detect mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer in family members and to identify a chance of disease relapse in a person who already has it. Consequently, women with breast cancer and with positive BRCA have a high risk of acquiring a second type of cancer. In such a case, double mastectomy is considered as a preventative measure against the cancer spreading, as breast-conserving therapy plus radiation therapies treat to and reduce the chance of developing a second cancer in the same breast.
Besides, physicians can make a 5-year observed survival rate based on the diagnosed stage of cancer. It can lead to improvements in treatment with a more favorable outlook for people with diagnosed disease. The National Cancer Institute’s SEER database gives 72 % of survival chance for women with Stage 3 cancer.
Regarding the woman who already has children and is after two weeks out from radical mastectomy surgery, nursing support can contain such help options. Nurses can help to control symptoms, especially chronic pain, which frequently happens after surgery. They further to liaise between her relatives, GPs, and the hospital after such short recovery period to improve the quality of life during a stressful time. The nurses can also help with routine such as dressings, taking medicines or getting her specialist equipment after the operation or/and during recovery.
In conclusion, the Stage 3 breast cancer has a wide diapason of diagnostics, treatment, and after-medical intervention methods to facilitate its efficient curing and recovery.
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Nowadays, migration is one of the most topical issues and most discussed by essay writers online, because people started to change their locations rapidly. The reasons of the increase in global migration and immigration are different: work, education, search of better conditions of life, wars and armed conflicts, persecutions, reunion with families, etc. The United States of America is one of the most popular countries for immigrants; the American multicultural society is a result and proof of this fact.
It is possible to suppose that there is no nationality, which cannot be found here. The largest groups of immigrants are represented by the people from Mexico, Philippines, Puerto Rico, India, China, Vietnam, Canada, Cuba, and El Salvador. The number of immigrants is permanently increasing due to the problems in developing countries. People are forced to search for a place where their income will let them live and not survive, not be afraid of death, punishment or prison, and where their families will be able to forget about some awful stories of difficult past.
Of course, not every immigrant finds the perfect life in the United States, because the number of those who desire to coexist and enjoy life in the same place is quite large. Nevertheless, the USA tries to develop various projects, strategies, and programs that raise awareness about refugees’ and immigrants’ life. Modern education pays a lot of attention to multicultural coexistence; for example, there is a major called Multicultural Nursing. The reason is that new specialists of various fields should consider the particularities of immigrants. Policies should be reviewed to take into account their needs. Therefore, I think that the United States is truly inclusive to immigrants.
Immigration has both positive and negative sides. It is beneficial that American citizens have a chance to discover other cultures and religions even without moving to distant corners of the world. In this way, they learn how to live together and respect human beings of different backgrounds. However, it is destructive that some representatives of both Americans and immigrants are too ignorant and start conflicts because of skin color, ethnicity, or religion. There is also an opinion that immigrants may steal jobs from Americans. It is senseless, because only knowledge and skills should be a decisive factor in job selection. The job can be stolen by a person who is more qualified than you, and immigration plays no role in this situation.
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