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Buddhism
Posted On 11/22/2019 06:26:39 by tonywilson

After I have learned about Buddhism, one question came to my mind. What is nirvana? This question arose when I was reading about Four Noble truths and Buddhist practices. From what I have found out about this term, I recognized the fact that this notion is complex. On the one hand, nirvana is the total disappearance. Nevertheless, how can a person disappear from real life? Does it mean that one has to die to achieve nirvana? Unfortunately, the Buddha said little about this notion. Different Buddhist books suggest different meanings of the term. It may be the total destruction, non-existence. At the same time, nirvana can convey a meaning of termination of the conscious existence and transfer to a different unknowable existence. Whatsoever, nirvana breaks the cycle of birth, life and death. Therefore, it probably ceases the suffering that all Buddhist strive to accomplish.

Main ideas of Buddhism reminded me of the ones in Hinduism. Both religions have the notions of reincarnations and rebirth. They suggest that human actions have an influence on the next lives of those people. That is the motivation to do good to others. Meanwhile, Hinduism and Buddhism have many differences. Buddhism is a philosophy, taught by one spiritual leader Buddha, while Hinduism is a religion with many different gods in its realm. The final goal of an individual in Hinduism is breaking the reincarnation cycle, exceeding the limits of samsara and uniting with the Absolute. It is possible via self-denial and psychological training. The main idea of Buddhism is leading a life balancing between the two extremes, asceticism and pleasures. The final aim of Buddhism is nirvana, a special state of mind. In Hinduism, it is karma, which defines the result of good and bad deeds in the previous life. This notion determines the social class of an individual. Therefore, the caste of priests has the best chances to break the reincarnation cycle. Meanwhile, Buddhism does not encourage the division of people into classes. It offers equal opportunities for everyone, laying emphasis on an individual and his or her conscience. Hinduism is the religion of a spirit, a soul that strives to the Absolute. Comparing to that, Buddhism rejects the ideas of god and the soul. Next, Hinduism does not have a single founder. This religion consists of different movements that often contradict each other. At the same time, Buddha is the founder of Buddhism and it has one and united doctrine. Apart from that, both teachings have different national belonging. Hinduism is the national religion of the Hindu people while Buddhism stands above the nations.

 

Buddhist tradition has its own view of the sufferings and human salvation. According to this philosophy, anguish originates from unsatisfied cravings of a person. The more we want, the more miserable we become. Therefore, salvation is liberation from the world and from life, in general. It consists in overcoming all human desires and attachments. Such a salvation is more of a spiritual nature, and the body operates as a hindrance to the salvation. Comparing to other traditions, there is no god to save people in Buddhism. In terms of this philosophy, an individual has to save himself with his own efforts. As for me, I am not a devotee of the Buddhism. First, I believe that sufferings come into one’s life for some reason. They are a kind of a challenge. When people go through sufferings, they become stronger and learn something about themselves and the world. Second, I cannot accept Buddhist view of salvation. To my mind, human beings are not omnipotent and they cannot save themselves alone. As I see it, salvation is the final goal of the spiritual practices of a person and precious gift of God.

About the author: Thony Wilson is a master in English philology and histoty at California University. Tony is currently working as one of the best writers at the essay empire He also studies feminine psychology.

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